The preservation of the cloud forest depends on the efforts of the Quakers who arrived here in the 50s, and their descendants, who have been working in and educating themselves about the area since. Their work negatively impacted Monteverde because they cut forests for lumber and cattle farming. This was important for development at the time, but it was not done in a sustainable way so it had a lot of very negative impacts on the animal species living their and the biodiversity.
Costa Rica is sometimes referred to as “Gringolandia” because of all of the tourism from English speaking countries and Europe. Ecotourism has pros and cons because it brings in a lot of foreign investment. That money can be put towards preservation, research, and employing workers to promote healthy productive forests. Another proponent of ecotourism is the education aspect. When you can see the effects of global warming first hand, the issue is easier to grasp, and people care more about it than they would otherwise. The cons include the development required to sustain tourists. The Chinese hotel company mentioned, the food factories, forests cut down to farm more local food, and not to mention the resorts and restaurants we ate at the past few days.
In conclusion, the influence of foreigners has caused Costa Rica to develop certain areas more and pushed for certain commodities that wouldn’t be necessary otherwise, that increase value, but the biodiversity suffers. The species that only live in certain areas of Costa Rica suffer. There is a negative shift in the area overall, but it can’t be blamed as heavily on ecotourism. Global warming is the major cause of current environmental shifts in the area. The Quakers caused a lot of problems by clear cutting forests, but the foreign investment is going towards remedying the issue. The hardest issue to solve is those that are caused by global warming.