Typically, when you visit another country, you don’t expect them to have such similar systems as your country. This notion of mine was proved wrong, as we found out today that Argentina has a lot of similarities to the United States. One of these is that both countries governments operate on a federal system, however, the results of the same structure have been very different. This system allows for a federal government to oversee many jurisdictions of its country. At the same time, it allows for these jurisdictions to have power autonomous from their federal government. Depending on the balance of power, you can have a stronger federal government, allowing for universal implementation and legislation, or you can have stronger state or providence power which allows for more diverse legislation and implementation to better suit the needs and opinions of varying groups of people.
Different from the United States, Argentina’s federalist system is structured with the individual regions having more power over the federal government at times. This can be challenging for the federal government’s agenda because they cannot guarantee that it will be universally represented in the country. Additionally, it can negatively impact citizens by limiting aid, initiatives, and regulations in certain areas that the federal government may be trying to provide to the people if that providence does not abide by federal suggestions. These challenges directly relate to the healthcare industry and health programs. Regulation discontinuity can cause standards for a medical practice to be lower in certain regions. This could allow issues like malpractice, the spread of infection, or failure to provide services to be more prominent in some places more than others. Not only can this cause issues, but it does. Our speaker today, Guillermo Williams, mentioned an example of one of Argentina’s provinces, Cordoba, that often fails to adhere to standards that the ministry of health sets, specifically in regard to health education and credentials. Given their federal system, the ministry has little power to enforce these recommendations and standards other than the limitation of funding, which in the end only hurts the citizens of that region, with lower funding giving less access to the programs their government promises them with free healthcare for all.
Although this can sometimes be problematic, there is some benefit to having more individualized health legislation choices. If certain regions of Argentina have higher populations of individuals with a unique health issue or one providence is poorer than the other, making certain legislation impractical for those people, this individualized capability of the federal system can provide great benefits. It can allow for the more practical allocation of funds, programs that specifically apply to the people of that region, and even a reduction in regulation in the case that it is causing too many obstacles in the delivery of care.