We had two lectures today, and though they were on completely different topics, they actually had a lot of similarities between them. The first lecture was presented to us by a representative from Argentina’s National Ministry of Health, and the second was an Argentine culture/history lecture from one of Austral’s professors. The biggest similarity between them was that they effectively compared the U.S. and Argentina.
The second lecture of the day was listed as a culture lecture, but it turned out to be more about the history of immigration in the country. It ended up being really interesting because Argentina’s immigration history is pretty unique to all country’s except the U.S’s. Both countries have become a mixing pot of different people due to waves of immigrants. There were also similarities in the types of people who became citizens, the neighborhoods that were set up, and the reasons for immigrating to the country in the first place. Finally, the national documents (declaration of independence and constitution) are very similar because Argentina’s documents are modeled off of the United States’ documents.
Both the United States and Argentina have a federal system of government. However, they operate differently because of the roles formed over time. Both countries’ federal governments are intended to be limited in their power, while most of the power belongs to the states or provinces. That has stayed true in Argentina, but over time, the U.S.’s central government has developed a lot of power itself. Healthcare has been affected in both countries because of this factor. The U.S.’s government has provided a sense of stability and equivalence between states when it comes to programs like Medicare/Medicaid, healthcare professional education requirements, and Obamacare. However, healthcare in Argentina is a lot more fragmented because of the way their country is set up. The separate provinces hold the majority of the power, and they set their own standards. Often, because of this, the standards between provinces are not equal. In addition, the central government has little power to fix the imbalances. They can try to persuade the provinces to follow national standards, and the Ministry uses money to help their case. If the provinces don’t follow the standards set in place by the national government, they don’t receive the extra stipend that other provinces receive for meeting the national standards.
After another long day of intense learning, TGIF!