Federation, Ministry of Health & Immigration

We all woke up happy today since we were able to sleep in! At 9:30 we made our way to the Austral downtown campus for a lecture on the Ministry of Health. In the lecture, we learned that Argentina, similar to the US, is a federation. This means that there is a central government as well as states/provinces that are able to govern themselves along with the national government. Regarding healthcare, a federation can be a challenge because there could be no universal health care system or protocol at a national level. This would leave each state to decide for themselves what to do causing each state to differ. For example, in Argentina there is free public health care, but each province finances it based off the taxes they collect. A benefit for a federation, specifically in the healthcare system, would be that each state can focus more on the specifics each state needs. For an example in the US, Mississippi would have different health factors and common problems they could put more attention towards than New York or California. Both a benefit and a challenge would be financing healthcare in general. As I mentioned above, each province in Argentina can finance their own system, but there are no guidelines from the national government. If the national government gave an outline or line of guidance, provinces may be able to divide up funds best for their province. Also following the guidelines can centralize the healthcare in the federation slightly more than it is now.

In general, anything I think of about a federation can be viewed as both a benefit and a challenge. For example, in the US each state has its own representatives that are a part of the national government. They are voted for by those in their states and try to best represent their state, both benefits. However, a challenge with this is that there are 50 states in the US and with each representative wanting what’s best for their state, conflicting opinions and views can become common as well as disagreements and the inability to come to a consensus. I assume the same can be said in Argentina.

After our lecture, we went to lunch where we ate salad, french fries, and pizza. It felt like an Italian meal, but I learned in the next lecture about Argentine culture that most of the immigrants coming into Buenos Aires in the early 1900s were from Italy, so it makes sense! Following learning about Argentine culture, we took a bus to the Immigration Museum at the Immigration Hotel where the immigrants coming into Buenos Aires came upon arriving. We walked the same stairs they did and saw what the boats looked like as well as pictures of the actual immigrants coming over. It was really cool to see, and it was right on the water as the sun was beginning to set. Overall, we learned a lot today and made it through one whole week already!

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