The first step in any supply chain is source, and in the case of coffee supply chains, this represents the farms that grow the coffee beans. I’m terms of planning, the farms are responsible for things like figuring out the specifics of how the crops are managed. They decide how the crops are planted and arranged, what is used to fertilize the soil, how to mitigate the risk of diseases, and the planting/harvesting rotation. They should also keep an eye on weather patterns in order to have a better idea of how the weather in the upcoming year may affect their crop yield. Finally, they are also responsible for finding buyers for their crops, as well as figuring out at what cost to sell their crops at.
After that is the processing mills and exporters. In terms of planning, these guys are responsible for determining price of selling to the roasters and retail locations, as well as figuring out the different specifics of the coffees. For example, they are the ones who determine how much light, dark, and medium roast is made, as well as the specific process that is used to make the different coffees.
Next is the roasters and retail locations, who are responsible for things like sourcing the beans. They contact the precious parts of the supply chain, and place orders for what to make. Additionally, some locations, like cafe Britt, plan out the different ways that they will market their products.
The final step on the supply chain is the customers, and there’s honestly not much for me to say here. Basically, the customers’ plans are more or less on an individual level, and determined by their own needs on a case by case basis.