Day 6: Federal Power…?

Today was a very long day. We had two 2-hour long lectures and a museum visit. I was excited for the Ministry of Health presentation, but it was not quite what I was expecting. I thought I would get answers to the questions I had about the Ministry of Health. Instead, we learned more about what a federal government is.

Like the United States, Argentina is a federal country. The benefit of having a federal government is that for health, the federal government funds the money to all health care materials and programs. Another health-related benefit is that the federal government regulated and mandates the vaccines.  The federal government basically gives and funds basic needs.

Although there are benefits, there are definitely challenges that come with having a federal government. The federal government oversees the provinces. Federal law “invites” provinces to “join” the law. So basically, the federal government is the “guiding institution”. The federal government has the power of persuasion, but not implementation to each province. This process of inviting the provinces to the law is very difficult and complicated. So, the challenge is that the federal government cannot have the power to implement laws. The provinces can decide whether or not to implement. This is the same for how the Ministry of Health works. The national Ministry of Health oversees the provincial Ministries of Health. The national ministry regulates and “makes up the rule for the game”. These rules cannot be implemented, but they serve as a guideline to the provinces. This creates fragmentation because all of the provinces can act differently to the directions of the national Ministry of Health.

Other than this lecture, we got to learn about the history of Argentina. This lecture was interesting because I got to learn how Argentina and the United States are very similar. The speaker talked about immigration and how Argentinians are made up of different ethnicities. This topic crossed over to the Immigration Museum visit. We got to visit the immigration hotel, where immigrants stayed for 5 days after their arrival from Europe back in 1920. It was interesting to learn that Argentina is a country made up of immigration, just like the United States. At the end of the tour, our tour guide asked us if any of the immigrants in the picture wall look like criminals. We all could not tell and at the end, he said that “all of these people are immigrants are human”. I really like this because it shows that Argentina accepts all kinds of people from anywhere in the world.

 

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